Page 8 - Decembert 2014
P. 8

㫛 ۑ«ƒÄ®‘Ý Ê¥ «ƒÄ—½®Ä¦ ®Ä®ã®ƒ½Ý:                   British Printing Society
However meƟculously the iniƟal has been
chosen, careless pacing can sƟll mar the           Publishing Group
effect. The two main methods of placing are
‘dropped’ or ranged with a certain number of
text lines, and ‘cocked up’ or ‘raised’, the base         publishing_group.html
lines of iniƟal and first line of text being in
alinement. In either case the important factor
is that the placing must be visually correct.

Dropped iniƟals must appear to range with
a certain number of text lines. When such
leƩers as W, V, O and Q are used, it may be
necessary to obtain this visual alinement by
dropping them slightly.

Visual alinement with the leŌ hand type
margin rehires more careful consideraƟon
but it is impossible to adopt a rule of thumb
method for all leƩers. To achieve visual
alinement with the leŌ hand side of the text
many leƩers will project slightly into the
margin of the page.

The remainder of the word following the
iniƟal should always fit close to it. When using
such leƩers as A, or the rounded leƩers O, P, Q
etc., it will be necessary to morƟse the corner
to allow the rest of the word to fit closely. It
also enhances the design if the remainder of
the word following the iniƟal is set in caps or
small caps and leƩer-spaced.

The use of the ‘cocked-up’ iniƟal is becoming
increasingly popular and if well chosen and
correctly placed it can be very pleasant; the
same consideraƟons apply to design and
placing as for the dropped iniƟal.

Carefully and correctly used iniƟals give
character to a book and make it a thing
of beauty. But badly handled iniƟals can
spoil the appearance of many an otherwise
well-designed piece of print. Typographer
and compositor need good judgement and
experience in the arranging or seƫng of
iniƟals that marry with the text.

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